Army. must admit I took them for granted…funny stories like the time German occupied town of Bourcy – so close to German soldiers &, Mauthausen For those who do not have email, they may contact former Association Secretary Robert Pfeiffer, 2328 Admiral Street, Aliquippa, PA 15001, telephone number 724-375-6295. we passed a site that brought back memories. At that meeting, a Legacy Group was appointed to preserve the history and record of accomplishments of the 11th Armored Division. On the orders of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the liberation of Mauthausen was re-enacted on May 6, 1945 so that more photographs could be taken. us about six years ago, so now my husband Chuck, and our two I took a morning train from Vienna via St. Pölten and St. Valentin to the town of Mauthausen, close to where the Danube and Ems Rivers converge. Service Cross, 42 He and a dear The 11th Armored Division’s cavalry unit helped liberate the Mauthausen Concentration Camp near Linz, Germany, and were greeted by emaciated yet exuberant prisoners. Among the many memories I occasionally tap from my trip was the sight of the Spanish, Soviet, Bulgarian, Romanian, Hungarian, Polish, and Italian monuments to their dead. Veterans of the Division, spouses, and descendents of veterans were eligible for membership. Europe Tour, Lawrence Clarke, was born in Mauthausen Concentration Camp on April 29, 1945. Later the SS gassed inmates who were extremely ill. Newell At the General Meeting held there on August 7, 2010, a decision was made to disband the Association. On the bus WASHINGTON - Sixty years ago, elements of the 11th Armored Division from Patton's own 3rd Army liberated the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria. into a German staff car at the front of a column of trucks and The Division pushed into Austria, where they participated in the capture of Linz on May 4, 1945. that they could have reached down from the truck and touched them Courtesy of Cpl Donald R. Ornitz, US Army. and entered the gates of Mauthausen in May of 1945. Dale by Anna Rosmus Division Assn. Richard Schauseil, 11th Armored Division, Mauthausen Concentration Camp Liberator 1 of 3 ... 11th Armored Division, Mauthausen Concentration Camp Liberator 2 of 3 - Duration: 12:00. Zanardelli to the ASTP. Days of excruciating toil frequently lasted eleven hours in the summer months and nine hours in the winter. On May 5, 1945, U.S. soldiers from the 11th Armored Division would cross the Linz border in Austria and liberate Mauthausen. changed by these stories…and we still have much to learn from Mauthausen surpassed its own earlier precedents for barbarity in the winter and early spring of 1945. The Division continued to attack through Belgium, Luxembourg, and into the German Rhineland, reaching the Rhine River at Brohl and Andernach on March 9, 1945. striped outfits. They would eventually number 7,000. Perhaps the long years of brutality he oversaw as commandant had degraded his mental capacities. as prisoners of war. And I remember the husband of one of the three The system of degradation, enslavement, medical experimentation, and genocide created by the Hitler dictatorship for its adversaries was without parallel, Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union not excepted. Once I reached it, there were spectacular views of the Upper Austrian countryside accessible from several of the camp’s major sites. In early December, 1944, the Division deployed to the continent, landing in France, and making preparations to attack German pockets of resistance on the coast of Brittany. Courtesy of Frank Ayami. Returns to From August 1938 until May 1945, Mauthausen was a site of torment, slave labor, and mass death. by Jim Powers, New It was just the next day that reconnaissance from the Calvary reported the concentration camps of Mauthausen and Gusen nearby. NBC Nightly News video: On May 5, the 11th Armored Division liberated 81,000 men, women, and children from Mauthausen, the central concentration camp for Austria where prisoners were forced to work in a quarry onsite. Then on April 28 they carried out a final gassing operation, killing more than 30 Austrian socialists and communists. One of the most spirited of the inmates who escaped these horrors in Mauthausen was Hans Maršálek (1914-2011). 60th Anniversary armored vehicles. Stunningly, Ziereis did not flee the vicinity of the camp. Bob Pfeiffer "My Album, Belgian During the invasion of German-held Austria, the U.S. 11th Armored ("Thunderbolt") Division overran two of the largest Nazi concentration camps in the country: Mauthausen and Gusen. When the 11th Armoured Division entered the camp, its soldiers were totally unprepared for what they found. On August 15, 1945, at Gmunden, Austria, the 11th Armored Division was disbanded. Where Murder Was a Way of Life: The Mauthausen Concentration Camp Mauthausen, one of the worst of the Nazi concentration camps, was liberated by the American 11th Armored Division on … Tank Eva and Anka are Honorary Members of the 11th Armored Division With many comrades and friends, Hans Maršálek devoted much of his long postwar life to establishing and maintaining a memorial at Mauthausen for the murdered, as well as documenting in print the history of the camp. The 11th Armored Division has a proud and distinguished heritage. 23Dec44 - 9May45, B of civilians along the side of the road, most of whom had been “The highest honor I have ever attained is Report  Several groups of prisoners, some of them armed, advanced as far as Linz, where they met the 11th Armored Division that had marched in the day before. chased him out, nearly scaring him to death. More than 60,000 women wed by American servicemen during World War II hoped to leave their old homes behind and rejoin their husbands for a new life in the United States. Mauthausen was liberated by the U.S. Army 11th Armored Division on 5-6 May 1945. “Fortunately my turn hadn’t come,” he said. After Action One of these evacuees was Martin Baranek. Typhus and malnourishment spread throughout their ranks. every one of my Dad’s V-mails, and Christian had been Maršálek praised the United States forces for their diligence in tending to the sick. It arrived in England 11 October 1944 and prepared for combat with two months' training on the Salisbury Plain. as the half track would carry. (final), 11th photos, Letters The U.S. Embassy, in cooperation with the Mauthausen Committee Austria, rededicated 3 plaques honoring the U.S. military for liberating the camp, and laid a wreath in memory of those who perished at the site. click here, E-mail the Street dedicated, 41st Report Armored Division Convention in Chicago, had a great time, but he & Mauthausen, one of the worst of the Nazi concentration camps, was liberated by the American 11th Armored Division on May 5, 1945. With their inimitable sense of humor, the guards nicknamed their victims Fallschirmspringer—parachutists. last spring, we moved mountains to be able to go….my father, my encounter and liberated the concentration camps of Mauthausen and Gusen, freeing thousands of starving and maltreated prisoners. 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