Instead of individual cars, we can make it a habit to use more buses and trains to reduce our carbon footprint. It causes depletion of the ozone layer and allows ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth. As an addition to conserving energy, you should also consider switching to more energy-efficient appliances. Breathing air that is filled with fine particulate matter can induce hardening of the arteries, triggering cardiac arrhythmia or even a heart attack. Poor air quality can harm all lifeforms, including both plants and animals. Causes of air pollution. Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. These two gases have almost the same sources and lead to indoor air pollution. Pollution's Harmful Effects. How has the poor air quality affected the people and the surrounding environment? When we cook at home, sometimes we need wood and charcoal for it, and these materials cause a huge amount of air pollution… Whether we like it or not, the air quality around us affects us directly. In general, the industrial sector and different means of transport are primarily responsible for producing significant quantities of these fuels. The main cause for air pollution is through the burning of different fuels such as coal, oil and gases. Frequent exposure to polluted air increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. 2. What causes air pollution? 4.2 Causes and Consequences of Air Pollution in Beijing, China Mason F. Ye Beijing, China suffers from some of the worst air pollution worldwide. Carbon dioxide contributes to air pollution in its role in the greenhouse effect. This combination results in an acidic rainfall. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. The first cause of air pollution in China is using motorcycles as one of the main transportations. As for the effects of water pollution, these include a large number of water-borne diseases, ranging from diarrhea and vomiting to gastroenteritis and typhoid. This blanket traps a lot of the solar rays from leaving our atmosphere. Main causes of air pollution. Air pollution affects kids more than adults due to higher concentrations of polluted air in their systems per body size. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. If we so choose, we can now be influential in solving this air crisis. These  pollutants come from factories, automobiles and any industrial or manufacturing plants. The effects of air pollution on a person’s health can range from mild breathing difficulties to severe cardiovascular issues, including heart disease and stroke. The constant excavations and demolitions can be responsible for adding a lot of unwanted dust and pollution to our air. This 2016 study describes how some emissions generated from farms and ranches are more significant than the combined emission from other man-made sources. Heavy air pollution can disrupt many wildlife habitats. The bigger culprit for this air pollution is human interference. People who exercise outdoors are susceptible to the adverse effects of air pollution because it involves deeper and faster breathing. Consequences of Air Pollution •CO 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the so-called greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic cooling of the Earth during the night … Factories are responsible for releasing a massive amount of chemicals and gases in the atmosphere. Carbon monoxide is another common pollutant. Truth is a major contribution to pollution is done by human beings only but let’s have a look at all the factors here-Pollution from vehicles: Carbon monoxide gas is generally emitted by cars and trucks and when we inhaled CO, it blocks oxygen from reaching out to our main vital organs such as brain and heart. Contaminated air reduces the body’s defenses and decreases the body’s capacity to fight other infections in the respiratory system. Burning fossil fuels to power vehicles, homes and industrial plants releases tiny particles of matter into the air, according to information from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. EarthandHuman.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon(.com, .co.uk, .ca etc) and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. Air pollution is known to cause irritation in the eyes, lungs, nose, and throat. The following are some of the leading causes of air pollution. As the population grows, so do the usage of these vehicles. The European Union would save 161 billion euros a year if deaths caused by air pollution were diminished. . Manufacturing industries release a large amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals into the air thereby depleting the quality of air. Children are especially at high-risk as they are susceptible to asthma and pneumonia. Make use of public modes of transportation to limit the release of smoke and harmful chemicals. At the same time, we cannot ignore the pollution spread by aerosols and industries in the air. It is important to play your part to make the environment less polluted, and here are some steps to consider: 1. Pesticides enter our b… The Great Smog of London in 1952 was one of the worst air pollution events in history with over 8,000 deaths. It creates respiratory problems and exacerbates existing conditions such as asthma and emphysema. Thus, it is necessary to understand the impact this pollution is creating on us as well as the environment. Not only air pollution is causing this problem but water pollution, climate change and global warming too. This means switching off the lights and appliances whenever they aren’t in use. The exhaust from various cars, trucks, jeeps, trains, and airplanes add to increasing air pollution. Volcanoes, dust storms, and forest fires are causes of natural air pollution. Environmental Impacts. Each weekend, more than 800 million gallons of gas per year are used in lawn mowers in the United States, producing up to 5% of total air pollution. Cars, trucks, jet airplanes and other combustion engine vehicles cause air pollution. Most air pollution comes from energy use and production, says John Walke, director of the Clean Air Project, part of the Climate and Clean Air program at NRDC. Effects of Air Pollution Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. We can minimize this by making better and smarter choices with energy in our everyday lives. For too long, we have only been contributing to adding to air pollution. Pollution can be classified into two sections, visible air pollution and invisible air pollution. It includes dust and mold. What else causes air pollution? People afflicted with heart disease, children and older people are more sensitive to air pollution. You already have information about the most common causes and effects of air pollution, and you may have gathered what you have been doing wrong to damage the environment. The average adult breathes 3,000 gallons of air every day. These toxic gases can contribute to nearly 50% of the mercury, 62% of the arsenic, 60% of sulfur dioxide, and 13% of the nitrogen oxide present in our air. This could mean finding multiple uses for an item. Air pollution has also been linked with several heart conditions. These effects of Pollution are causing huge impacts on life on Earth including the complete extinction of multiple species. The primary source of air pollution in various human activities. Ex: Volcanic eruptions, Forest fires, Biological decay, Pollen grains, Marshes, Radioactive materials. Sources of Air pollution Sources of air pollution are of two types. Natural disasters such as forest fires, volcanoes, and dust storms can be responsible for causing a large amount of pollution. The largest cause of air pollution in Europe is road transportation with over 5,000 people dying each year from lung cancer and heart attacks caused by vehicle exhaust fumes. Volcano eruptionsare another big cause of air pollution. Acid rain can be extremely damaging to crops and plant life. However, they can add a lot of carbon monoxide as well as nitrogen oxides to the air around us. You can also see this growth in lakes and ponds. It can also affect the ozone layer and have global impacts. Certain gases in the atmosphere can cause air pollution. Government Credits for Residential Solar Power, How Cities Can Address the Critical Need for Sustainable Development, Top 20 Environmentally Friendly Organizations. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. While human interference makes a significant contribution to air pollution, some of the pollutions is also caused by nature. Another source of air pollution is from dust and dirt that goes airborne due to every day labor in the agricultural and construction industry. This can cause skin cancer and damage to the eyes and immune system. 3. One of the main effects of air pollution is speeding up global warming. The following are some of the primary causes and effects of air pollution in our world. Artificial sources are those which are created by man. A high presence of nitrogen in the air can induce a condition called eutrophication. Heavy metals, pesticides, and other such contaminants can also affect our body. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. The burningof fossil fuelsis the biggest cause of air pollution, and that is why it has been prohibited at a lot of places in the world. For example, in cities, a gas called ozone is a major cause of air pollution. But where exactly does this pollution come from? 2. Breathing in this polluted air can have many negative health consequences for us. The largest source air of pollution in cities is from vehicle exhaust fumes. You should also look into replacing existing appliances with their solar-powered counterparts. You must have heard various news regarding the increasing levels of smog and decreased visibility. Furthermore, the multitude of coal and oil-powered plants release a considerable amount of toxic gases. Noxious gases such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide react with the sun to create new and dangerous compound… This layer is vital in protecting us from the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. For instance, Coal is required to produce electricity; therefore toxic thermal fumes are emitted into the atmosphere from the mines. The harmful gases such as carbon monoxide and other greenhouse gases form a kind of blanket in our atmosphere. Burning fossil fuels by automobiles contribute to nearly half of the total air pollution. Global warming can also leave us more vulnerable to natural disasters. When continually exposed to air pollution, humans become at higher risk for cardiovascular disease. All Rights Reserved. Manufacturing processes, particularly those that use chemicals and machinery, can cause air pollution.Less obviously 'dirty' processes, such as cleaning and packaging goods, can also produce harmful emissions. According to the World Health Organization, there are as many deaths (1.3 million per year) in the world due to air pollution as there are deaths due to car accidents. The fossil fuel, firewood, and other things that we burn produce oxides of carbons which got released into the atmosphere. During this condition, a layer of algae develops on the sea’s surface. When these are burned, they emit large amounts of sulfur dioxide. Air pollution affects the environment around us as well as our own bodies. It all depends where it is in Earth’s atmosphere. These gases react with the ozone layer and cause, not just thinning but also depletion in certain areas. And in an especially destructive feedback loop, air pollution not only contributes to climate change but is also exacerbated by it. Pollution is the contamination of the environment by introduction of contaminants that can cause damage to environment and harm or discomfort to humans or other living species. You might not think they will not impact the air quality directly. With solar, wind, and geothermal energy on the rise, switching to clean energy has never been easier. Similarly, growing commercialization has caused an increase in the number of construction sites. Ozone layer depletion goes hand-in-hand with global warming. Manufacturing industries can be found at every corner of the earth and there is no area that has not been affected by it. Chemicals such as pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers used while farming can also contribute to air pollution. S defenses and decreases the body ’ cause and effect of air pollution and dementia or even a attack... Other such contaminants can also contribute to air pollution because they emit large of... 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